Record display

Record Number


PROSEA Handbook Number

12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3


Fagerlindia fasciculata (Roxb.) Tirveng.


Nordic Journ. Bot. 3(4): 458 (1983).



Chromosome Numbers

n = 11


Gardenia fasciculata Roxb. ex Sprengel (1827), Randia fasciculata (Roxb.) DC. (1830), Oxyceros fasciculata (Roxb.) Yamazaki (1970).

Vernacular Names

Malaysia: akar duri, akar kuku lang (Peninsular).

Origin and Geographic Distribution

Fagerlindia fasciculata is distributed from the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan and northern India, through eastern India, Indo-China and Thailand, to Peninsular Malaysia.


In Peninsular Malaysia, leaves are pounded with Prismatomeris leaves to obtain a poultice to treat sores. In India, the fruits are used in cases of sunstroke.


A shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall. Leaves opposite, simple and entire, elliptical to ovate, 3—12 cm x 1.5—5 cm, hairy on the veins below, with 4—9 pairs of secondary veins; petiole 3—10 mm long; stipules interpetiolar, narrowly triangular, cuspidate; leaf axils with 2 buds each, the upper ones developing into spines c. 1 cm long. Inflorescence terminal, fasciculate, or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous; calyx with short tube and narrow lobes, persistent; corolla salver-shaped with tube (1.5—)2.5—4.5 cm long and lobes (0.6—)1.5—3 cm long, contorted in bud, tube inside hairy; stamens inserted near the apex of the corolla tube, filaments very short, anthers large, exserted from the corolla throat; ovary inferior, 2-celled, style long, with 2 large stigmas. Fruit a globose berry, 1—1.5 cm in diameter, hairy, crowned by the calyx cup, many-seeded. Seeds shaped like the segments of an orange, 5—7 mm long.
The main vertical orthotropic axis is monopodial and bears horizontal plagiotropic shoots. The growth of a plagiotropic axis is terminated by the production of a terminal inflorescence, and further growth is sympodial. Branches produced during sympodial branching may bear spines representing reduced shoots. There is a second serial bud situated below the spines. This may develop into a short shoot bearing an inflorescence or it may develop into a vegetative shoot.
The anthers surround the stigma in bud, and pollen is released already in flower buds. When the flowers open the pollen is presented on the stigma, which then opens to expose the receptive inner surface.
Fagerlindia most resembles Catunaregam and Oxyceros, which are also spiny shrubs. It is best characterized by the 2 buds in the leaf axils and the salver-shaped corolla.
Fagerlindia comprises about 9 species, and occurs from the Himalayas to southern China and Malesia, where 3 species have been found: Fagerlindia fasciculata in Peninsular Malaysia, and 2 other species in the Philippines.


Fagerlindia fasciculata (Roxb.) Tirveng. - 1, flowering branch; 2, corolla opened, showing stamens, style and stigmas; 3, fruiting branch


In Peninsular Malaysia, Fagerlindia fasciculata occurs in lowland and hill forest.

Genetic Resources

Fagerlindia fasciculata does not seem likely to be endangered. It occurs throughout Peninsular Malaysia, in different forest types.


Very little is known of Fagerlindia fasciculata in all respects. Research is needed to confirm the beneficial effect on sores; perhaps there are active compounds comparable to those found in related genera such as Catunaregam.


[121]Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co- operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A—H) pp. 1—1240, Vol. 2 (I— Z) pp. 1241—2444.
[790]Ridsdale, C.E., 1985. The genus Fagerlindia (Rubiaceae) in the Philippines. Blumea 31: 239—244.
[990]Whitmore, T.C. & Ng, F.S.P. (Editors), 1972—1989. Tree flora of Malaya. A manual for foresters. 2nd Edition. 4 volumes. Malayan Forest Records No 26. Longman Malaysia Sdn. Berhad, Kuala Lumpur & Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.

Other Selected Sources

[931]Tirvengadum, D.D., 1983. New taxa and name changes in tropical Asiatic Rubiaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 3(4): 455—469.


R.H.M.J. Lemmens

Correct Citation of this Article

Lemmens, R.H.M.J., 2003. Fagerlindia fasciculata (Roxb.) Tirveng.. In: Lemmens, R.H.M.J. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors): Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3. PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Database record:

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